Phentermine hydrochloride capsules are indicated as a short-term (a few weeks) adjunct in a regimen of weight reduction based on exercise, behavioral modification and caloric restriction in the management of exogenous obesity for patients with an initial body mass index ≥ 30 kg/m2, or ≥ 27 kg/m2 in the presence of other risk factors (e.g., controlled hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia).
Below is a chart of body mass index (BMI) based on various heights and weights.
BMI is calculated by taking the patient’s weight, in kilograms (kg), divided by the patient’s height, in meters (m), squared. Metric conversions are as follows: pounds ÷ 2.2 = kg; inches x 0.0254 = meters.
BODY MASS INDEX (BMI), kg/m2
Height (feet, inches)
(pounds) 5'0" 5'3" 5'6" 5'9" 6'0" 6'3"
140 27 25 23 21 19 18
150 29 27 24 22 20 19
160 31 28 26 24 22 20
170 33 30 28 25 23 21
180 35 32 29 27 25 23
190 37 34 31 28 26 24
200 39 36 32 30 27 25
210 41 37 34 31 29 26
220 43 39 36 33 30 28
230 45 41 37 34 31 29
240 47 43 39 36 33 30
250 49 44 40 37 34 31
The limited usefulness of agents of this class, including phentermine, [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.1, 12.2)] should be measured against possible risk factors inherent in their use such as those described below.
2.1 Exogenous Obesity
Dosage should be individualized to obtain an adequate response with the lowest effective dose.
The usual adult dose is 15 mg to 30 mg as prescribed by the physician, at approximately 2 hours after breakfast for appetite control. Administration of one 30 mg capsule daily has been found to be adequate in depression of the appetite for 12 to 14 hours. Phentermineis not recommended for use in pediatric patients ≤ 16 years of age.
Late evening medication should be avoided because of the possibility of resulting insomnia.
2.2 Dosage in Patients With Renal Impairment
The recommended maximum dosage of phentermine is 15 mg for patients with severe renal impairment (eGFR 15 to 29 mL/min/1.73m2). Avoid use of phentermine in patients with eGFR less than 15 mL/min/1.73m2 or end-stage renal disease requiring dialysis [see Use in Specific Populations (8.6) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].
Phentermine Hydrochloride Capsules, USP, 15 mg (equivalent to 12 mg phentermine base): powder-filled capsules, gray/orange; imprinted logo LANNETT on the cap and 1742 on the body.
Phentermine Hydrochloride Capsules, USP, 30 mg (equivalent to 24 mg phentermine base): powder-filled capsules, natural/blue; imprinted logo LANNETT on the cap and 1308 on the body.
Phentermine Hydrochloride Capsules, USP, 30 mg (equivalent to 24 mg phentermine base): powder-filled capsules, yellow/yellow; imprinted logo LANNETT on the cap and 1310 on the body.
Phentermine Hydrochloride Capsules, USP, 30 mg (equivalent to 24 mg phentermine base): powder-filled capsules, black/black; imprinted logo LANNETT on the cap and logo 0597 logo on the body.
Phentermine Hydrochloride Capsules, USP, 30 mg (equivalent to 24 mg phentermine base): pellet-filled capsules, natural/blue; imprinted logo LANNETT on the cap and 1438 on the body.
5.1 Coadministration with Other Drug Products for Weight Loss
Phentermine hydrochloride capsules are indicated only as short-term (a few weeks) monotherapy for the management of exogenous obesity. The safety and efficacy of combination therapy with phentermine and any other drug products for weight loss including prescribed drugs, over-the-counter preparations, and herbal products, or serotonergic agents such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (e.g., fluoxetine, sertraline, fluvoxamine, paroxetine), have not been established. Therefore, coadministration of phentermine and these drug products is not recommended.
5.2 Primary Pulmonary Hypertension
Primary Pulmonary Hypertension (PPH) - a rare, frequently fatal disease of the lungs - has been reported to occur in patients receiving a combination of phentermine with fenfluramine or dexfenfluramine. The possibility of an association between PPH and the use of phentermine alone cannot be ruled out; there have been rare cases of PPH in patients who reportedly have taken phentermine alone. The initial symptom of PPH is usually dyspnea. Other initial symptoms may include angina pectoris, syncope or lower extremity edema. Patients should be advised to report immediately any deterioration in exercise tolerance. Treatment should be discontinued in patients who develop new, unexplained symptoms of dyspnea, angina pectoris, syncope or lower extremity edema, and patients should be evaluated for the possible presence of pulmonary hypertension.
5.3 Valvular Heart Disease
Serious regurgitant cardiac valvular disease, primarily affecting the mitral, aortic and/or tricuspid valves, has been reported in otherwise healthy persons who had taken a combination of phentermine with fenfluramine or dexfenfluramine for weight loss. The possible role of phentermine in the etiology of these valvulopathies has not been established and their course in individuals after the drugs are stopped is not known. The possibility of an association between valvular heart disease and the use of phentermine alone cannot be ruled out; there have been rare cases of valvular heart disease in patients who reportedly have taken phentermine alone.
5.4 Development of Tolerance, Discontinuation in Case of Tolerance
When tolerance to the anorectant effect develops, the recommended dose should not be exceeded in an attempt to increase the effect; rather, the drug should be discontinued.
5.5 Effect on the Ability to Engage in Potentially Hazardous Tasks
Phentermine may impair the ability of the patient to engage in potentially hazardous activities such as operating machinery or driving a motor vehicle; the patient should therefore be cautioned accordingly.
5.6 Risk of Abuse and Dependence
Phentermine is related chemically and pharmacologically to amphetamine (d- and dll-amphetamine) and other related stimulant drugs that have been extensively abused. The possibility of abuse of phentermine should be kept in mind when evaluating the desirability of including a drug as part of a weight reduction program. See Drug Abuse and Dependence (9) and Overdosage (10).
The least amount feasible should be prescribed or dispensed at one time in order to minimize the possibility of overdosage.
5.7 Usage with Alcohol
Concomitant use of alcohol with phentermine may result in an adverse drug reaction.
5.8 Use in Patients with Hypertension
Use caution in prescribing phentermine for patients with even mild hypertension (risk of increase in blood pressure).
5.9 Use in Patients on Insulin or Oral Hypoglycemic Medications for Diabetes Mellitus
A reduction in insulin or oral hypoglycemic medications in patients with diabetes mellitus may be required.
The following adverse reactions are described, or described in greater detail, in other sections:
- Primary pulmonary hypertension [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]
- Valvular heart disease [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)]
- Effect on the ability to engage in potentially hazardous tasks [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)]
- Withdrawal effects following prolonged high dosage administration [see Drug Abuse and Dependence (9.3)]
The following adverse reactions to phentermine have been identified:
Primary pulmonary hypertension and/or regurgitant cardiac valvular disease, palpitation, tachycardia, elevation of blood pressure, ischemic events.
Central Nervous System
Overstimulation, restlessness, dizziness, insomnia, euphoria, dysphoria, tremor, headache, psychosis.
Dryness of the mouth, unpleasant taste, diarrhea, constipation, other gastrointestinal disturbances.
Impotence, changes in libido.
7.1 Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors
Use of phentermine is contraindicated during or within 14 days following the administration of monoamine oxidase inhibitors because of the risk of hypertensive crisis.
Concomitant use of alcohol with phentermine may result in an adverse drug reaction.
7.3 Insulin and Oral Hypoglycemic Medications
Requirements may be altered [see Warnings and Precautions (5.9)].
7.4 Adrenergic Neuron Blocking Drugs
Phentermine may decrease the hypotensive effect of adrenergic neuron blocking drugs.
Pregnancy Category X
Phentermine is contraindicated during pregnancy because weight loss offers no potential benefit to a pregnant woman and may result in fetal harm. A minimum weight gain, and no weight loss, is currently recommended for all pregnant women, including those who are already overweight or obese, due to obligatory weight gain that occurs in maternal tissues during pregnancy. Phentermine has pharmacologic activity similar to amphetamine (d- and dll-amphetamine) [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.1)]. Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with phentermine. If this drug is used during pregnancy, or if the patient becomes pregnant while taking this drug, the patient should be apprised of the potential hazard to a fetus.
8.3 Nursing Mothers
It is not known if phentermine is excreted in human milk; however, other amphetamines are present in human milk. Because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants, a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or to discontinue the drug, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother.
8.4 Pediatric Use
Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients have not been established. Because pediatric obesity is a chronic condition requiring long-term treatment, the use of this product, approved for short-term therapy, is not recommended.
8.5 Geriatric Use
In general, dose selection for an elderly patient should be cautious, usually starting at the low end of the dosing range, reflecting the greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal, or cardiac function, and of concomitant disease or other drug therapy.
This drug is known to be substantially excreted by the kidney, and the risk of toxic reactions to this drug may be greater in patients with impaired renal function. Because elderly patients are more likely to have decreased renal function, care should be taken in dose selection, and it may be useful to monitor renal function.
8.6 Renal Impairment
Based on the reported excretion of phentermine in urine, exposure increases can be expected in patients with renal impairment. Use caution when administering phentermine to patients with renal impairment [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].
Use caution when administering phentermine to patients with renal impairment. In patients with severe renal impairment (eGFR 15 to 29 mL/min/1.73m2), limit the dosage of phentermine to 15 mg daily [see Dosage and Administration (2.2)]. Phentermine has not been studied in patients with eGFR less than 15 mL/min/1.73m2, including end-stage renal disease requiring dialysis; avoid use in these populations.
9.1 Controlled Substance
Phentermine is a Schedule IV controlled substance.
Phentermine is related chemically and pharmacologically to the amphetamines. Amphetamines and other stimulant drugs have been extensively abused and the possibility of abuse of phentermine should be kept in mind when evaluating the desirability of including a drug as part of a weight reduction program.
Abuse of amphetamines and related drugs may be associated with intense psychological dependence and severe social dysfunction. There are reports of patients who have increased the dosage of these drugs to many times than recommended. Abrupt cessation following prolonged high dosage administration results in extreme fatigue and mental depression; changes are also noted on the sleep EEG. Manifestations of chronic intoxication with anorectic drugs include severe dermatoses, marked insomnia, irritability, hyperactivity and personality changes. A severe manifestation of chronic intoxication is psychosis, often clinically indistinguishable from schizophrenia.
The least amount feasible should be prescribed or dispensed at one time in order to minimize the possibility of overdosage.
10.1 Acute Overdosage
Manifestations of acute overdosage include restlessness, tremor, hyperreflexia, rapid respiration, confusion, assaultiveness, hallucinations, and panic states. Fatigue and depression usually follow the central stimulation. Cardiovascular effects include arrhythmia, hypertension or hypotension, and circulatory collapse. Gastrointestinal symptoms include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal cramps. Overdosage of pharmacologically similar compounds has resulted in fatal poisoning usually terminates in convulsions and coma.
Management of acute phentermine hydrochloride intoxication is largely symptomatic and includes lavage and sedation with a barbiturate. Experience with hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis is inadequate to permit recommendations in this regard. Acidification of the urine increases phentermine excretion. Intravenous phentolamine (Regitine®, CIBA) has been suggested on pharmacologic grounds for possible acute, severe hypertension, if this complicates overdosage.
10.2 Chronic Intoxication
Manifestations of chronic intoxication with anorectic drugs include severe dermatoses, marked insomnia, irritability, hyperactivity and personality changes. The most severe manifestation of chronic intoxications is psychosis, often clinically indistinguishable from schizophrenia. See Drug Abuse and Dependence (9.3).
Phentermine Hydrochloride Capsule, USP is a sympathomimetic amine anorectic. Its chemical name is α,α,-dimethylphenethylamine hydrochloride. The structural formula is as follows:
[Phentermine HCl Molecular Structure]
C10H15N • HCl M.W. 185.7
Phentermine hydrochloride is a white, odorless, hygroscopic, crystalline powder which is soluble in water and lower alcohols, slightly soluble in chloroform and insoluble in ether.
Phentermine Hydrochloride Capsules, USP are available as:
a) powder-filled capsules containing 15 mg phentermine hydrochloride (equivalent to 12 mg phentermine base) or 30 mg phentermine hydrochloride (equivalent to 24 mg phentermine base) and inactive ingredients: corn starch and magnesium stearate. In addition, the 15 mg gray/orange capsules contain lactose monohydrate, gelatin, D&C Yellow # 10, FD&C Red # 40, FD&C Yellow # 6, titanium dioxide, black iron oxide, yellow iron oxide; the 30 mg natural/blue capsules contain lactose anhydrous, gelatin, D&C Red # 28, and FD&C Blue # 1; the 30 mg yellow/yellow capsules contain lactose anhydrous, gelatin, D&C Yellow # 10, FD&C Red # 3, and titanium dioxide; and the 30 mg black/black capsules contain lactose anhydrous, gelatin, FD&C Yellow # 6, FD&C Blue # 1, and FD&C Red # 40. The imprinting ink for the 15 mg gray/orange capsules, 30 mg natural/blue capsules and 30 mg yellow/yellow capsules contains: shellac glaze in ethanol, iron oxide black, n-butyl alcohol, propylene glycol, ethanol, methanol, FD&C Blue # 2 Aluminum Lake, FD&C Red # 40 Aluminum Lake, FD&C Blue # 1 Aluminum Lake, and D&C Yellow # 10 Aluminum Lake. The imprinting ink for the 30 mg black/black capsules contains: shellac, dehydrated alcohol, isopropyl alcohol, butyl alcohol, propylene glycol, strong ammonia solution, yellow iron oxide, and dimethicone.
b) pellet-filled capsules containing 30 mg phentermine hydrochloride (equivalent to 24 mg phentermine base) and inactive ingredients: sugar spheres, hypromellose, polyethylene glycol, titanium dioxide, FD&C Blue No. 1 Aluminum Lake, polysorbate 80, FD&C Blue No. 2 Aluminum Lake, FD&C Yellow No. 6 Aluminum Lake, gelatin, FD&C Blue No. 1 and D&C Red No. 28. The imprinting ink for the pellet-filled capsules contains: shellac glaze in ethanol, iron oxide black, n-butyl alcohol, propylene glycol, ethanol, methanol, FD&C Blue # 2 Aluminum Lake, FD&C Red # 40 Aluminum Lake, FD&C Blue # 1 Aluminum Lake, and D&C Yellow # 10 Aluminum Lake.
12.1 Mechanism of Action
Phentermine is a sympathomimetic amine with pharmacologic activity similar to the prototype drugs of this class used in obesity, amphetamine (d- and dll-amphetamine). Drugs of this class used in obesity are commonly known as "anorectics" or "anorexigenics." It has not been established that the primary action of such drugs in treating obesity is one of appetite suppression since other central nervous system actions, or metabolic effects, may also be involved.
Typical of amphetamines include central nervous system stimulation and elevation of blood pressure. Tachyphylaxis and tolerance have been demonstrated with all drugs of this class in which these phenomena have been looked for.
Following the administration of phentermine, phentermine reaches peak concentrations (Cmax) after 3 to 4.4 hours.
In a single-dose study comparing the exposures after oral administration of a combination capsule of 15 mg phentermine and 92 mg topiramate to the exposures after oral administration of a 15 mg phentermine capsule or a 92 mg topiramate capsule, there is no significant topiramate exposure change in the presence of phentermine. However in the presence of topiramate, phentermine Cmax and AUC increase 13% and 42%, respectively.
Cumulative urinary excretion of phentermine under uncontrolled urinary pH conditions was 62%-85%.
Systemic exposure of phentermine may increase up to 91%, 45%, and 22% in patients with severe, moderate, and mild renal impairment, respectively [see Dosage and Administration (2.2) and Use in Specific Populations (8.6)].
13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility
Studies have not been performed with phentermine to determine the potential for carcinogenesis, mutagenesis or impairment of fertility.
No clinical studies have been conducted with phentermine.
In relatively short-term clinical trials, adult obese subjects instructed in dietary management and treated with "anorectic" drugs lost more weight on the average than those treated with placebo and diet.
The magnitude of increased weight loss of drug-treated patients over placebo-treated patients is only a fraction of a pound a week. The rate of weight loss is greatest in the first weeks of therapy for both drug and placebo subjects and tends to decrease in succeeding weeks. The possible origins of the increased weight loss due to the various drug effects are not established. The amount of weight loss associated with the use of an "anorectic" drug varies from trial to trial, and the increased weight loss appears to be related in part to variables other than the drugs prescribed, such as the physician-investigator, the population treated and the diet prescribed. Studies do not permit conclusions as to the relative importance of the drug and non-drug factors on weight loss.
The natural history of obesity is measured over several years, whereas the studies cited are restricted to a few weeks' duration; thus, the total impact of drug-induced weight loss over that of diet alone must be considered clinically limited.
Phentermine Hydrochloride Capsules, USP are supplied as:
15 mg powder-filled capsules, gray/orange; imprinted logo LANNETT on the cap and 1742 on the body, capsules.
30 mg powder-filled capsules, natural/blue; imprinted logo LANNETT on the cap and 1308 on the body, in bottles of ) capsules.
30 mg powder-filled capsules, yellow/yellow; imprinted logo LANNETT on the cap and 1310 on the body, in bottles of capsules.
30 mg powder-filled capsules, black/black; imprinted logo LANNETT on the cap and logo 0597 logo on the body, capsules.
30 mg pellet-filled capsules, natural/blue; imprinted logo LANNETT on the cap and 1438 on the body, capsules.
Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature].
Dispense in a tight container as defined in the USP, with a child-resistant closure (as required).
Keep out of the reach of children.
Patients must be informed that phentermine hydrochloride is a short-term (a few weeks) adjunct in a regimen of weight reduction based on exercise, behavioral modification and caloric restriction in the management of exogenous obesity, and that coadministration of phentermine with other drugs for weight loss is not recommended [see Indications and Usage (1) and Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].
Patients must be instructed on how much phentermine to take, and when and how to take it [see Dosage and Administration (3)].
Advise pregnant women and nursing mothers not to use phentermine [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1, 8.3)].
Patients must be informed about the risks of use of phentermine (including the risks discussed in Warnings and Precautions), about the symptoms of potential adverse reactions and when to contact a physician and/or take other action. The risks include, but are not limited to:
Development of primary pulmonary hypertension [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]
Development of serious valvular heart disease [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)]
Effects on the ability to engage in potentially hazardous tasks [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)]
The risk of an increase in blood pressure [see Warnings and Precautions (5.8) and Adverse Reactions (6)]
The risk of interactions [see Contraindications (4), Warnings and Precautions (5.7, 5.9) and Drug Interactions (7)]
See also, for example, Adverse Reactions (6) and Use in Specific Populations (8).
The patients must also be informed about
the potential for developing tolerance and actions if they suspect development of tolerance [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)] and
the risk of dependence and the potential consequences of abuse [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6), Drug Abuse and Dependence (9), and Overdosage (10)].
Tell patients to keep phentermine in a safe place to prevent theft, accidental overdose, misuse or abuse. Selling or giving away phentermine may harm others and is against the law.
Lannett Company, Inc.
Philadelphia, PA 19154
Made in the USA
phentermine hydrochloride capsule
Labeler -direct rx(079254320)
Registrant -direct rx (079254320)
Phentermine hydrochloride capsules are indicated as a short-term (a few weeks) adjunct in a regimen of weight reduction based on exercise, behavioral modification and caloric restriction in the management of exogenous obesity for patients with an initial body mass index ≥ 30 kg/m2, or ≥ 27 kg/m2 in the presence of ...What is the difference between phentermine and phentermine hydrochloride? ›
The full drug name of Phentermine is termed as Phentermine HCL (Hydrochloride). Phentermine is the name of the generic form of the medication, however, it comes under the different brand names including Lomaira and Adipex-P. The active ingredients in all these formulas are however the same.What is the difference between phentermine capsules and phentermine tablets? ›
We offer phentermine tablets, as well as, phentermine capsules and the primary difference between the two is that tablets are more immediate-release, whereas capsules are more time or delayed-release.What does phentermine hydrochloride do? ›
Phentermine (Adipex-P, Lomaira) is a prescription medicine used to lessen appetite. It can help weight loss by making you less hungry. Or it can help you feel full longer. Phentermine also is offered combined with topiramate for weight loss (Qsymia).Which is better Adderall or phentermine? ›
Phentermine is the better choice for you if your goal is to shed weight. It is a viable treatment for those suffering from significant overweight. Whereas Adderall is the better choice for helping you to maximize your focus and cognition.How much weight can you lose on phentermine HCL? ›
The amount of weight loss on Phentermine varies from person to person depending on factors like dosage, diet, and exercise. Most studies show that people lose 3% to 9% of their body weight after taking Phentermine for 12 weeks. So in one week, weight loss is usually in the 1% to 3% range.Which phentermine is the strongest? ›
Adipex encompasses the active agent Phentermine in its highest available dose, 37.5 mg in both capsules and tablets.What is the closest weight loss pill to phentermine? ›
PhenQ is a well-known weight loss supplement that can replicate many of the same effects of phentermine. It comes to us from Wolfson Berg Limited, a well-known manufacturer responsible for creating many famous supplement brands.What foods should you avoid while taking phentermine? ›
- Jam n Jellies.
- Packaged Cereals.
- White bread.
The bottom line is that phentermine works in just three to 4.4 hours. However, it may take a couple of weeks before you start to notice that you're losing weight. To see your results as quickly as possible, you should try to minimize your consumption of carbohydrates, stay hydrated, and stay as active as possible.
In general, phentermine can help you lose 3-7% of your body weight. You can expect to lose anywhere from 3 lbs to 5 lbs a month on phentermine. Remember that phentermine is for short-term use only (a few weeks).Does phentermine hydrochloride give you energy? ›
Phentermine is effective in treating chronic fatigue, even though it is frequently used in Orange County to aid in medical weight loss. Phentermine can reduce appetite as well as boost energy and prevent exhaustion during the day or after exercise.Why do you lose weight so fast with phentermine? ›
Taking phentermine helps suppress your appetite, thereby limiting how many calories you eat. Over time, this can lead to weight loss.What pill is equal to phentermine? ›
Many people who want to lose weight choose a phentermine alternative over the prescription medication. Adipex and Lomaira are two of the best known phentermine alternatives. Both are available on the market and can be purchased online. In the United States, Adipex is the most common brand of phentermine diet pills.Why does phentermine work so well? ›
Here's how it works: Phentermine blocks the brain's hunger signals by increasing the body's release of catecholamines, which are chemicals made by the adrenal glands. These hormones cause an increase in heart rate and a decrease in appetite.What helps phentermine work better? ›
- Know that Phentermine needs the right diet and exercise to work successfully. The effect of Phentermine may go on a plateau through time, and a lot of patients develop resistance to it. ...
- Drink Lots of Water. ...
- Keep an Alkaline pH. ...
- Establish A Healthy Lifestyle.
Phentermine is available in two brand-name forms: Adipex-P and Lomaira.Is there a difference in phentermine pills? ›
Adipex-P is a longer-acting form of phentermine. It's available as 37.5 mg capsules and tablets that are taken once per day. On the other hand, Lomaira is a shorter-acting form of phentermine that comes as 8 mg tablets taken three times per day.